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Vita Means Life - A Retrospective (2011-2019)

Vita Means Life - A Retrospective (2011-2019) - Article

by Adam Cartwright , posted on 23 September 2018 / 9,911 Views

With the sad but expected news that Sony is finally discontinuing production of PlayStation Vita hardware worldwide (combined with the earlier news that cartridge production was stopping in the west), it marks what will likely be the final chapter in the extraordinary journey for this little handheld that could. Despite its own creator rapidly withdrawing development support, third-parties cancelling projects left and right, and more internet negativity than I've ever seen for a console, it just kept trucking on - delivering a brilliant gaming experience for anyone willing to give it a shot.

So in light of this news I wanted to deliver a brief retrospective to what has become my favourite gaming machine ever, looking back at all the things it has done so well throughout its life, alongside a short look at what its final year might hold from here. While it's sad to see the Vita finally reaching the end of its life, there have been so many brilliant experiences along the way that I want to celebrate these here - and I know I've (personally) got many more years of enjoyment to come thanks to my backlog too!


'Console Quality on the Go'

The big advertising slogan for Sony during the Vita's launch was 'play console quality games everywhere' or variations of it (for example, in this Madden advert) and, to its credit, during the first few years of the handheld's life a number of big-budget franchises were smartly adapted down to the smaller form factor. The first wave included bespoke titles such as Assassin's Creed III: LiberationLittleBigPlanet and Uncharted: Golden Abyss, as well as brilliant ports like Mortal KombatPlayStation All-Stars Battle Royale and Virtua Tennis 4, all of which are worth checking out.

By the end of 2013, things like Dead or Alive 5, Earth Defence Force 2017 and Killzone Mercenary had bolstered the Vita's ranks even further, alongside some of the most accomplished handheld sports titles ever like FIFA 13, Madden NFL 13 and MLB 13: The Show, while 2014 offered new experiences like Freedom Wars and Toukiden, with returning favourites like Final Fantasy X/X2 and the God of War Collection, cementing Sony's vision for the Vita as a home for console quality portable gaming.

We certainly got some duds along the way too - the two most notable examples being Call of Duty: Black Ops Declassified, which was an absolute mess (but still went on to be one of the console's best selling titles) and Borderlands 2, which delivered the full game on a handheld but with heavy compromises. It's a shame that these types of games effectively died off after 2014 once Sony lost interest in the console, but there's still a great selection here all the same (and it's still sort of continuing to this day thanks to the efforts of third-parties like Atlus with Catherine: Full Body).


A Haven for Indies

In response to the console manufacturer's rapid loss of interest in the hardware, indie developers stepped up to the mark to fill the gaps in the Vita's library and the handheld quickly became a brilliant home for smaller titles throughout its life. Early games provided the foundation - things like Guacamelee!Hotline Miami, and Spelunky in 2013 were all received extremely well and achieved impressive sales, meaning that by 2014 things were in full swing with the likes of Frozen SynapseOlliOlli, and Rogue Legacy.

There's so much more to talk about here that it would take more than just a couple of paragraphs to fully explore, but the point is that before the Nintendo Switch became the portable go-to place for indie games to show up on, the Vita was providing a fantastic home for them. It continued right until the current day too - over the past couple of years we've seen a variety of things such as ChasmDarkest DungeonOceanhornSalt & SanctuaryStardew Valley and Undertaleall of which are remarkably fun.

Of course, as with everything about Vita, there have been a few downsides along the way, mainly some high-profile cancellations of things like BloodstainedHyper Light Drifter, and Mighty No 9 - games which relied on crowdfunding to start their development, meaning there was really no excuse for them failing to deliver. Still, for every negative there is a positive - in 2018 alone we've seen many Vita fans develop their own brilliant projects like the team at Rainbite with Reverie or Behind the Stone with Sir Eatsalot, plus there's plenty more coming over the next few months like Glass: A Boxing Story from Nitoris Media or Seraphim from Studio Ravenheart.


Japanese Games of all Shapes and Sizes

Just like the PSP before it, there was something of a gulf in popularity for Vita between the East and West. In Japan, the console saw a solid stream of support right from the get-go - things like Disgaea 3 and Dynasty Warriors Next were there for launch and support continued through 2012 with things like Hatsune Miku: Project Diva fPersona 4 Golden, and Ragnarok Odyssey. This in turn led to localization houses building a niche for themselves in the West by bringing these titles overseas, helping to flesh out the handheld's library with a variety of brilliant titles.

Over the following years the console would see so many games brought across, the vast majority of them surprises that seemed like they had no chance of hitting western shores initially - things like Akiba's TripMind=0, and Sorcery Saga. There's plenty of bigger stuff available too - the likes of Sword Art OnlineTales of Hearts R, and Toukiden Kiwami, all of which were a tonne of fun, plus we saw some franchises finding big overseas success like the first two DanganRonpa games shifting more than 200k copies.

This support continued late into the Vita's life, from things like Attack on Titan, Digimon Story, and Dragon Quest Builders in 2016, right through to the likes of Fate/Extella, Muv-Luv, and Secret of Mana this year, or Code Realize: Wintertide Miracles and The House in Fata Morgana, which are scheduled for 2019. The efforts of these localization houses have been instrumental in providing Vita with the wide, varied library that has made it my main gaming machine for the past 7 years and for that I'm extremely grateful, even if there were a few games skipped towards the end like Blue ReflectionMetal Max Xeno, and Zanki Zero that left a bad taste in my mouth.


An Importer's Dream

While the Vita perhaps won't go down in history as the console with the widest selection of essential imports from overseas (both Dreamcast and PSP could make a claim for that crown), it still has a solid range of games from other regions that are well worth checking out. Quite often this is related to simple differences between regions - for example you can get physical copies of Mind=0 and Ragnarok Odyssey in North America but not Europe, while the reverse is true for things like Phineas and Ferb and WRC4.

The region that had the biggest impact during the Vita's life was Asia though, thanks to the birth of the Asian-English market. It allowed physical copies of games to be produced which were far too niche to be anything but digital-only in the west, things like A.W: Phoenix Festa, Civilization Revolution 2 Plus and Oreshika: Tainted Bloodlines. Better still, other games were localized just for Asia that were too lewd to be widely available in the west - among them Bullet Girls Phantasia, Dead or Alive Xtreme 3 and Moero Chronicle - or which had potential licensing issues, like SD Gundam G Generation Genesis and Super Robot Wars V.

Of course, some titles stayed Japan-only and there are some cracking games to try out if you don't mind the language barrier, such as Gun Gun PixiesMacross Delta Scramble and World Trigger: Borderless Mission. If you want something a bit easier to understand then IA/VT ColourfulPuyo Puyo Tetris, and Taiko no Tatsujin: V Version are worth your time, while if you don't mind trying something more complex then you may want to try out Phantasy Star Nova, Tales of Innocence R, or Ukiyo no Roushi. If you're a Japanese importer, you may have picked up some of the games which came west but not for Vita, like Dragon Quest Heroes IIDynasty Warriors Gundam Reborn, and Nights of Azure too - it's sad that we can't play them in English, but at least there's an option.


A Limited Market

If you're a collector of physical games, Vita seemed like an easy target for a few years as retail releases dried up relatively early in its life, only to be replaced by a brand new market of limited releases spearheaded by the team at Limited Run Games. This gave smaller indie developers the chance to get their games into the literal hands of gamers and meant that some brilliant titles would be preserved through physical media.

Limited Run Games itself has by far the biggest library available. Some of its biggest successes have been well-known games such as OceanhornOddworld: Stranger's Wrath, Ray Gigant, VA-11 HALL-A, Windjammers, and Ys Origin. Yet the company also worked hard to preserve smaller titles too such as Dragon Fantasy or Xeodrifter, and as a long-time Vita fan it's been loads of fun watching for announcements of new games every month and grabbing the ones that really interest me.

With any successful venture there will always be imitators and today's market has loads of companies providing limited physical releases - many on Vita too, such as eastasiasoft (Reverie, Sir Eatsalot), Signature Edition Games (The Count Lucanor, Slain), and Strictly Limited Games (Bunny Must DieSayonara Umihara Kawase). It's lovely having the option to be able to pick up physical versions of all these great titles (and it's saved me a hell of a lot of memory card space too), meaning I've built up quite the collection over the years.


A Portable PlayStation

Vita's ultimate trump card, and something I've been advocating for a long time now, is its ability to play classic games in a portable format. I'm not even talking in terms of Vita-native games, although its ability to provide comparable experiences to classic home consoles such as DreamcastPS2 and Xbox on the go is certainly to be commended.

Instead, I'm talking about backwards-compatibility. For starters, Vita has access to a massive library of PS1 games from all-time classics such as Final Fantasy VIIMetal Gear Solid and Tomb Raider, to forgotten gems such as Klonoa, Jumping Flash! and Tomba! and makes for a brilliant way to replay such titles, especially given that you can re-bind controls to make full use of the Vita's twin sticks. Sure, there are issues with compatibility between the stores (why North America doesn't have Crash Bandicoot and Spyro the Dragon is beyond me) but generally Vita offers a fantastic experience.

When you throw in the fact that the Vita also has access to a large selection of PSP games too, including classics like DaxterDissidia 012God of War: Chains of Olympus, Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories, Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, and Persona 3 Portable, plus backwards-compatible collections from even older consoles like Capcom Classics Remixed, SEGA Mega Drive Collection, or SNK Arcade Classics, then you've got something entirely unique in the current gaming landscape. The Vita offers a true retrospective through the history of gaming, all in one place in the palm of your hand, which is hugely impressive and part of the reason I have such a massive backlog that will last me for years.


What's Left for Vita?

Realistically, things have been winding down for Sony's handheld for the past couple of years and 2019 may well be the last year anything of significance happens for the console. I'll likely cover this topic in more detail in an article at the end of the year. That said, there are still some things to look forward to. Localizations are still happening, like the aforementioned Code;Realize and House in Fata Morgana, alongside Sharin no Kuni. Sadly it looks like Catherine: Full Body won't be joining them, but I'll likely import the Japanese version instead, as well as the decent-looking roguelike Is it Wrong to Pick up Girls in a Dungeon? tie-in and a new Pro Yakyuu Spirits title.

There are a handful of indies still targeting the platform too - things like EarthNight, Suki and the Shadow Klaw, and Warped: Metaverse, alongside Kickstarted projects like Monster Crown and Project Sense. Interestingly the long-forgotten DICE-developed platformer Project Hardcore has been revived for Vita with a physical release to boot. Speaking of this, Limited Run Games still has more than 30 Vita titles to come before production stops at the end of March 2019, meaning the market of limited titles should carry on for a good while yet.



The Vita is the culmination of so many years of PlayStation history, allowing gamers to play a vast array of titles from PS1, PS2, PSP & PS3 history, as well as having its own library that's far better than people give it credit for thanks to the efforts of indie developers and localization houses. The fact that it's also been the underdog its whole life makes it easy to love too - it seems that every forum I went on throughout its life was full of people wanting it to fail, which just made me want to see it succeed all the more.

Sadly that didn't happen, as the Vita never managed to achieve mainstream success and that has led us to this point, with the hardware being discontinued after just over 8 years on the market. Still, 8 years is an impressive amount of time considering the circumstances. Other failed consoles, like the Sega Saturn and Nintendo's Wii-U, lasted less than 6 years each, which is a testament to how strong the software-buying ecosystem around this handheld has been.

Probably the best thing about the Vita has been the community around it though. Perhaps due to its niche status, there's a greater sense of camaraderie than I've ever seen. The hundreds of people I've interacted with across forums and social media who are big fans of the handheld have been a big part of what's made being a fan of Vita so special and the discontinuation of the hardware certainly isn't going to put a stop to that. After all, VIta means life!

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Dr.Vita (on 23 September 2018)

This was really one of the best articles I've ever read about PS Vita! Really well-written summary and 100% true. Thank you Adam, it's always a pleasure to read your work!

  • +10
Kresnik Dr.Vita (on 24 September 2018)

Thanks mate :)

  • +5
OTBWY (on 23 September 2018)

It didn't have Pokemon like killer app. A title like that is what moves massive numbers. I think a GTA or (mainline )Monster Hunter title would have helped greatly.

  • +10
RolStoppable (on 23 September 2018)

I am happy that PlayStation Vita failed. The world became a better place because of it, for both PS and Nintendo fans.

By the way, Vita's software-buying ecosystem isn't what made it have a longer lifespan than Saturn and Wii U, the lack of a successor is the main reason. Both developers and gamers had to cling to Vita because it was clear that it will be the end of the road.

  • +9
Kresnik RolStoppable (on 24 September 2018)

I'm not sure I can agree with everything you've said here. In terms of the lack of a successor point, if I'd chosen Dreamcast and Game Gear as examples (two pieces of hardware without successors) then you'd be looking at 3 years and 6 years respectively for discontinuation IN Japan - still significantly less than we're talking here.
And again, talking in terms of Japan (as that's where the discontinuation in this article relates to), I think software ecosystem had everything to do with it. If we go back to the Wii-U comparison - in 2017, Vita sold nearly 2m units of retail software while Wio-U sold a third of that, around 650k. Go back a year further (2016) and Vita was shifting nearly 5m units of software to Wii-U's 2.3m. 2015 was 5.2m to 4m. It's easy to see why Sony kept Vita limping on - because they were still making significant licencing fee profits from third parties, something Nintendo didn't really have with Wii-U.
(Yes, we could get into a discussion about third parties never giving Wii-U the time of day in the first place in Japan which would be true, but that doesn't change the fact that Vita built a software ecosystem that sustained itself for 8 years).

  • +7
RolStoppable RolStoppable (on 24 September 2018)

I suspected that you could be the writer, Kresnik, but I wasn't sure.

Anyway, the profits you are talking about are peanuts. Even if the royalty fees get highballed to $10 per game sold, that's still only $50m in a year with 5m copies sold. The calculation for Wii U software differs because it was first and foremost first party software that sold due to third parties releasing hardly any games. First party games have a much higher per-unit profit margin because a console manufacturer doesn't have to pay royalties and can keep both the developer and publisher share of the pie to itself. An estimate of $30 per game sold already results in $60m for only 2m copies sold.

Again, those numbers are peanuts for corporations the size of Sony and Nintendo. The existence or lack of a successor is an important factor here. Sony's attitude meant that the little that Vita made was better than nothing at all, but Nintendo gladly prioritized a new console because the profit potential was in another league. That didn't only remain a theory, because Switch is really bringing in the money.

Unlike for other failed consoles, third parties really wanted to develop games for a Sony handheld, hence the high number of game releases for Vita. Had there been a successor to Vita, third parties - especially indies - would have moved on quickly in hopes that the successor to Vita fares better. But the lack of a Vita successor meant that third parties had to make their best effort to keep the console alive for as long as possible. The sales numbers of individual titles on Vita were nothing special, so continued third party support was driven moreso by passion than rational business sense.

  • +3
Kresnik RolStoppable (on 24 September 2018)

If I skim over the $50m figure (I'm guessing you based that on the breakdown of a $60 AAA game sold in the west which I'm sure you're aware is very different than in Japan, where games can't be returned by retailers (which is a factor in western budget calculations) and expensive limited editions are more common place, plus there's no digital sales mentioned at all and from various figures we've been given digital has been a fairly decent factor of around 15-20% of full game sales and isn't counting digital-only titles), I'm not sure the sum we'd be left with is so insignificant that it's worth ignoring.

I suppose the part of your post I agree with is the Wii-U/Switch part - Wii-U was a toxic environment for software in Japan because as you say, it was only really selling first-party games and even then these games were being held back by the hardware (you can see that now with ports like Donkey Kong and Pokken handily outselling their original versions). They could make better first-party cuts from software on 3DS so it didn't really make sense to continue it on.

For Vita, Sony effectively gave up on it after 2014 - it seemed pretty clear their plans were to transition everything over to PS4 within 2 or so years and be done with it. But things didn't work out that way - as late as 2017, third-party Vita games were still outselling their PS4 counterparts and even now you're still getting favourable splits. Plenty of franchises in the 50-300k range were relying on the Vita demographic to achieve the sales they needed to be profitable and while I'd certainly concede Vita was not the console you'd want to release your 500k+ game on, for the right type niche to mid software it was absolutely a good ecosystem.

Sure, this says everything about the state of PS4's software sales as much as anything, but that's really an aside from the point I'm making here.

  • +2
flashfire926 (on 23 September 2018)

Aside from the memory cards and mobile gaming really killing the dedicated portable market, the system sellers that the PSP had were no where to be seen.

No GTA, no Midnight Club, no Monster Hunter, Ridge Racer was there but it was abysmal.

Nothing was there to really replace those franchises.

  • +7
Signalstar flashfire926 (on 23 September 2018)

Ridge Racer Vita was a fucking tragedy compared to Ridge Racer on the PSP.

  • 0
gemini_d@rk (on 23 September 2018)

Both Vita and Wii U are great video games, i think the release with the "end of video games era" by smartphone and tablet games, forced sony and nintendo to focus on a product(3ds/ps4).

  • +7
Darwinianevolution (on 23 September 2018)

The tale of the Vita and the WiiU this generation has been a tragic tale for both machines. It will be fun to speculate in the future on how things would've gone if both of this had been a success.

  • +3
DreadPirateRoberts (on 23 September 2018)

The whole "console quality on the go" marketing push is what killed Vita, imo. It was basically positioned as "Almost like your PS3, but worse! And with poorer entries to all the PS3 franchises we own." And so the market looked at it as an inferior version of the PS3 they already had with inferior versions of games they already had. Lacking anything approaching a killer app, it's no surprise nobody felt the need to spend over $300 for a Vita + a proprietary memory card of sufficient size to be useful.

Though, after the system was basically already dead, it became a good bargain as a portable Final Fantasy system. That's when and why I picked one up.

  • +3

Oh, and one more point - when the Vita launched, it (console + card) cost as much as a PS3 did at the time. Sony basically tried and failed to cannibalize its own market.

  • +5
VAMatt DreadPirateRoberts (on 23 September 2018)

I've owned every major portable system except the original GB and Vita. I skipped GB because I had no interest in playing in black and white. I skipped Vita because it was ridiculously expensive to own.

  • +3
Cerebralbore101 (on 23 September 2018)

Vita and Wii U dying was a blessing in disguise. Through their ashes rose the Switch! Vita had good third party support, but few 1st party titles that couldn't be had on a PS3 or PS4. Wii U had great 1st party support, but few 3rd party games that were worth getting over the Xbox/PS versions.

  • +2
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